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Cartagena

Cartagena is quite a large city with a population of about 200,000. It has always been an important naval station because of its large sheltered natural harbour, and big shipyard. In more recent times it has grown in popularity as a tourist destination and the city has worked hard to stimulate this development.
The Ayuntamiento of Cartagena has got to be one of the finest in Spain. The city has significantly invested in the surrounding marble-like plaza. cartagena ayuntamiento

 

  cartagena plaza ayuntamiento An image looking away from the ayuntamiento towards la calle mayor and its trendy restaurants
The Gran Hotel de Cartagena sits in architectural splendour on calle mayor. The road is largely pedestrianised so no need to watch out for traffic. cartagena gran hotel  
  cartagena muralla All along the harbour front there is a wall built by King Carlos 111 in the 1700`s.

 

Perhaps not surprisingly for such an important naval city there is an excellent Naval Museum and the rather unusual spectacle of a full-size submarine on the harbour side! This craft was apparently designed by Isaac Peral, who was born in Cartagena. It was completed in 1888 and was one of the first U-boats to be constructed.

cartagena submarine  

cartagena view from the castle When you climb Concepcion Hill to the old castle you get a truly spectacular panorama from the ramparts. This shot is just a portion of this overlooking the impressive port.
View from castle ramparts looking inland over the bullring to inner Cartagena. cartagena panorama with bullring
  The Roman amphitheatre dates back to around the time of Christ. The city had already been under Roman rule for two hundred years, so I guess this construction was a little overdue!
If you need a quick route down (or an easier route up), look out for the steel elevator up to the castle. It`s free so probably best to use it both ways! cartagena elevator to the castle  
  cartagena impressive architecture The great thing about this city is the impressive variety of architecture on every corner. This building was on the route from the castle back to the bus-station.

Cartagena - Ciudad - Milenaria

227 a.C. Fundación por El Cartaginés Asdrubal

209 a.C. Conquista por el romano Publio Cornelio Escipión

5 a.C. - 1 d.C. Construcción del Teatro Romano

552 Inicio de la dominacion Bizantina

624 Expulsión de los Bizantinos por los Visigodos de Suintila

734 Conquista Árabes ( capitulacion de la Cora de Tumir )

1245 Reconquista por Alfonso X El Sabio

1246 Concesión a Cartagena del Fuero de Córdoba

1250 Restitución de la Sede Episcopal

1492 Salida por su puerto de los Judios expulsada de España

1503 Incorporación a la Corona de Castilla

1576 Fortificación de la ciudad por Felipe II

1610 Expulsión de los Moriscos por su puerto

1668 Cartagena, base de las Galeras

1723 Llegada de la imagen de la Virgen de la Caridad

1726 Creación del departamento maritimo

1749 Comienza la construcción del Arsenal

1749 Se inician las obras del Hospital Militar

1781 Finalizan los trabajos de la Muralla del Mar

1855 Concesión del titulo de excelentisimo al ayuntamiento

1870 Desembarco de Amadeo de Saboya en Cartagena

1873 Revolución Cantonal

1888 Isaac Peral inventa el submarino

1903 Construcción de las primeras escuelas graduadas de Espana

1923 Coronación canonica de la Virgen de la Caridad

1931 Alfonso VIII abandona España por su puerto

 

 

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